What Can Cause Blood Disorders?

What are some common blood disorders?

Common blood disorders include anemia, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, blood clots, and blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma..

What are the symptoms of blood disorders?

Symptoms of Blood DisordersDecreased red blood cells and hemoglobin can cause symptoms of anemia, such as fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath.Decreased white blood cells or immune system proteins can cause recurrent fever and infections.Decreased platelets or blood clotting factors can cause abnormal bleeding and bruising.

How are blood disorders treated?

Treatment options Growth factors to stimulate blood cell production. Steroids or other drugs to suppress your immune system. Chemotherapy to destroy abnormal cells. Transfusions to support you with healthy blood cells.

What is the most common inherited blood disorder?

Sickle cell disease is the most common inherited blood disorder in the United States, affecting an estimated 100,000 Americans.

How do you test for blood disorders?

Diagnosing Blood Disorders in Your Child: Common TestsA complete blood count (CBC) measures the amounts of different types of cells in the blood. … A blood smear may be done with a CBC. … Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy check for problems with the production of blood cells. … Coagulation tests check how well the blood clots.More items…

What is inherited blood disorder?

Inherited blood disorders are caused by genetic defects which affect the production or function of red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets.

Why would I be referred to a hematologist?

Reasons include if you have or might have: Anemia, or low red blood cells. Deep vein thrombosis (blood clots) Leukemia, lymphoma, or multiple myeloma (cancers in your bone marrow, lymph nodes, or white blood cells)

Are blood disorders serious?

Blood disorders, also called hematologic conditions, can be either malignant (cancerous) or nonmalignant (not cancerous). Nonmalignant diseases may be called “benign” hematologic disorders, although some can have serious effects on your body even without being cancer.

What does a blood disorder mean?

A blood cell disorder is a condition in which there’s a problem with your red blood cells, white blood cells, or the smaller circulating cells called platelets, which are critical for clot formation. All three cell types form in the bone marrow, which is the soft tissue inside your bones.

Can blood disorders cause skin rashes?

Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen through the body. Some types of anemia can cause rashes, which are abnormalities on the skin. Sometimes, the rash that presents with anemia may be due to the anemia condition itself. Other times, the rash may be due to complications from the treatment of the anemia.

What is the rarest blood disorder?

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare disorder in which red blood cells break apart prematurely. It is an acquired hematopoietic stem cell disorder. Hematopoietic stem cells are created in the bone marrow, the spongy center of the long bones of the body.

How do you get a blood infection?

Your blood can get infected when germs such as bacteria, or sometimes viruses or fungus, get into the bloodstream. This can happen when you have an IV catheter in place, or you get a shot into a blood vessel, or a blood transfusion. Sepsis is the medical term for an infection of the blood.

Are blood disorders curable?

The plasma cells multiply and release damaging substances that eventually cause organ damage. Multiple myeloma has no cure, but stem cell transplant and/or chemotherapy can allow many people to live for years with the condition. Myelodysplastic syndrome: A family of blood cancers that affect the bone marrow.

Are blood disorders hereditary?

Hematology – Genetic Blood Disorders. some serious disease. There are several related abnormal hemoglobin diseases, such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia. Such diseases can be transmitted from parents to children by genes on chromosomes.

What is the best way to prevent blood disorders?

Things to do to Prevent Problems from a Bleeding DisorderA check-up (physical exam) every year.A check-up of your joints, bones, and muscles every year.Physical therapy (PT) check-up every year.Dentist visit every six months to a year.Blood tests as often as your doctor suggests:X-rays of your joints as needed.More items…