Question: Does Radioactive Iodine Weaken Your Immune System?

Can I touch things after radioactive iodine?

Your body will slowly eliminate the radioactive iodine through body fluids such as your saliva, sweat and urine.

As this happens, things you touch or people that come near you will be exposed to radioactive iodine, which is unsafe..

How bad is radioactive iodine?

Thyroid Cancer. Radioactive iodine can kill the cells that make up the thyroid gland and thyroid cancer. If thyroid cancer has spread to other parts of the body, radioactive iodine can attack the disease there, too.

How long do you have to be isolated after radioactive iodine?

Depending on state regulations, patients may have to stay isolated in the hospital for about 24 hours to avoid exposing other people to radiation, especially if there are young children living in the same home.

Is radioactive iodine treatment painful?

Radioactive iodine treatment can make your neck swell up or hurt. Nausea or vomiting, which is usually mild.

What happens to excess iodine in the body?

High iodine intakes can also cause thyroid gland inflammation and thyroid cancer. Getting a very large dose of iodine (several grams, for example) can cause burning of the mouth, throat, and stomach; fever; stomach pain; nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; weak pulse; and coma.

Does radioactive iodine affect your immune system?

Treatment of Graves’ disease patients with radioactive iodide (RAI) can induce two therapeutically important alterations in immune response to thyroid antigens. These may be characterized as a first response and a second phase response.

How long does radioactive iodine stay in your body?

How long does radioiodine stay in my body? The radioiodine from your treatment will temporarily remain in your body. Most of the radioiodine not taken up by your thyroid gland will be eliminated within the first (2) two days after treatment.

Which is better radioactive iodine or surgery?

The risk of death due to cancer or other causes was similar for the two treatment groups. Surgery for hyperthyroidism was associated with a lower risk of all-cause and cardiovascular death as compared to radioactive iodine therapy during long-term follow-up, particularly in men.

Do you gain weight after radioactive iodine treatment?

But failure was not associated with other features such as age, sex, smoking. Weight change was analyzed in only 228 patients and 84% gained weight by 1 year after radioactive iodine therapy.

How do I clean my house after radioactive iodine treatment?

The iodine-131 will wash out in the laundry….To decrease the spread of radioactivity:If possible, use a separate bathroom.Flush the toilet two times after each use.Men should sit down when urinating.If urine should be spilled/splashed, wash and rinse the affected area three times, using paper towels or tissue.More items…•

Why do you have to be isolated after radioactive iodine?

Your body will give off radiation for some time after you get RAI therapy. Depending on the dose of radioiodine used and where you are being treated, you might need to be in the hospital for a few days after treatment, staying in a special isolation room to prevent others from being exposed to radiation.

Can you die from radioactive iodine?

Radioactive iodine therapy for hyperthyroidism may be associated with an increased risk of death from cancer, according to a longitudinal cohort study published in the July 1 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.

How many times can you have radioactive iodine treatment?

You may only need to have this treatment once. But it can be repeated every 3 months if needed, until there is no sign of any thyroid cancer on your scans.

What are the long term side effects of radioactive iodine?

Possible long term side effectsLower ability to have children (fertility) … Inflammation of the salivary glands (where spit is made) … Tiredness. … Dry or watery eyes. … Lower levels of blood cells. … Lung problems. … Second cancers.

How much water should I drink after radioactive iodine?

Starting right after your treatment, try to drink at least 1 cup of low-iodine liquid every hour while you’re awake. Keep doing this for 2 to 3 days after your treatment. You don’t have to wake up at night to drink liquids. Your urine will be radioactive so urinate as much as you can so to empty your bladder.

Can thyroid grow back after radioactive iodine treatment?

If you have thyroid cancer and you are treated with radioactive iodine, it may take from several weeks to many months for your body to get rid of any remaining cancer cells. Your thyroid nodule is unlikely to grow after being treated with radioactive iodine.

Can I go to work after radioactive iodine treatment?

In other cases, patients who work closely with others or with children, or those who are not tolerating the hypothyroidism well may decide to start work days or several weeks after treatment. 3. When can I resume my normal diet? You can resume a normal diet 2 days after your RAI treatment.

Can you get cancer from radioactive iodine?

Patients treated with radioactive iodine also have an increased risk of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), stomach cancer, and salivary gland cancer.