Question: Are All Sharps Injuries Preventable?

How can needle stick injuries be prevented?

Avoid using needles whenever safe and effective alternatives are available.

Avoid recapping or bending needles that might be contaminated.

Bring standard-labeled, leak-proof, puncture-resistant sharps containers to clients’ homes.

Do not assume such containers will be available there..

What are the risks associated with sharps?

The risks associated with a sharps injury include:Exposure to blood-borne viruses (BBV’s) and other pathogens. This includes HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV). … Psychological stress. The period of testing after exposure to bodily fluids from a sharps injury can be very stressful. … Financial repercussions.

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.

What are the primary priorities to eliminate sharps injuries?

There is a hierarchy of priorities for sharps injury prevention. The first priority is to eliminate and reduce the use of needles and other sharps wherever possible. The next priority is to isolate the hazards and thereby protect otherwise exposed sharps, through the use of engineering controls.

What happens if you touch a used needle?

Once someone has used a needle, viruses in their blood, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV, may contaminate it.

How long do viruses live on needles?

HBV can survive for up to one week under optimal conditions, and has been detected in discarded needles (6,18). A case of HBV acquired from a discarded needle used by a known HBV carrier has been reported (4).

Who is at risk for needle stick injury?

Some people, such as health care workers are at increased risk of needlestick injury, which occurs when the skin is accidentally punctured by a used needle. Blood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by such an injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV).

What 4 things should you do following a sharps injury?

What to do if you receive a sharps injuryEncourage the wound to gently bleed, ideally holding it under running water.Wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.Don’t scrub the wound whilst you are washing it.Don’t suck the wound.Dry the wound and cover it with a waterproof plaster or dressing.More items…•

What are needlestick injuries?

Needlestick injuries are wounds caused by needles that accidentally puncture the skin. Needlestick injuries are a hazard for people who work with hypodermic syringes and other needle equipment. These injuries can occur at any time when people use, disassemble, or dispose of needles.

What do I do if I got pricked by a needle?

Treatment: When somebody accidentally gets pricked by a needle: as soon as possible, wash the area around the puncture for at least 30 seconds, using soap and warm water. Bottled water can also be used if no hand washing facilities are available.

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in the source patient (if available) are as follows:HIV testing.Hepatitis B antigen.Hepatitis C antibody.Aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) and alkaline phosphatase levels.

What is the biggest cause of sharps injuries?

Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are the most common cause of sharps injuries and pose a serious risk to healthcare workers (HCWs).

What percentage of injuries are caused by sharps in NHS?

6 The report claimed that sharps injuries accounted for 17 per cent of accidents to NHS staff and were the second most common cause of injury, behind moving and handling at 18 per cent. One of the major problems associated with the management of sharps incidents is the under-reporting of exposure incidents.

What happens if you accidentally poke yourself with a used needle?

If you come into contact with blood or body fluids, always treat them as potentially infectious. If you prick yourself with a used needle, hold the affected limb down low to get it to bleed. Do not squeeze the wound or soak it in bleach. Wash the area with warm water and soap.

What percentage of sharps injuries are preventable?

A majority (64%) of all hollow-bore needle-related injuries can be prevented by using needles only when necessary, using devices with engineered safety features, properly using the safety features on these devices, following proper work practices (such as not recapping used needles), and properly disposing of needles …

What is the most common cause of needlestick injury?

Since syringe needle heads and angiocatheter are the main causes of needlestick injuries, providing safe medical equipment should also be emphasized.

How do sharps injuries occur?

A sharps injury is a penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or other sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. Sharps injuries are typically the result of using sharp equipment in a fast-paced, stressful, and potentially understaffed environment.

How long after a needlestick should you get tested?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

Can you get an STD from a dirty needle?

Hepatitis B, syphilis, and HIV, the AIDS virus, can be spread by sharing needles or other objects contaminated by blood, as well as through sexual contact. STDs are not spread by handshakes, hugs, toilet seats, towels, dishes, telephone receivers, or insect bites.