Does Radioactive Iodine Affect Immune System?

Can you die from radioactive iodine?

Radioactive iodine therapy for hyperthyroidism may be associated with an increased risk of death from cancer, according to a longitudinal cohort study published in the July 1 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine..

How do I clean my house after radioactive iodine treatment?

The iodine-131 will wash out in the laundry….To decrease the spread of radioactivity:If possible, use a separate bathroom.Flush the toilet two times after each use.Men should sit down when urinating.If urine should be spilled/splashed, wash and rinse the affected area three times, using paper towels or tissue.More items…•

How much water should I drink after radioactive iodine?

Starting right after your treatment, try to drink at least 1 cup of low-iodine liquid every hour while you’re awake. Keep doing this for 2 to 3 days after your treatment. You don’t have to wake up at night to drink liquids. Your urine will be radioactive so urinate as much as you can so to empty your bladder.

Can you get cancer from radioactive iodine?

Patients treated with radioactive iodine also have an increased risk of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), stomach cancer, and salivary gland cancer.

Why is radioactive iodine dangerous to human health?

Iodine is needed by your thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones. However, exposure to unnecessarily high levels of nonradioactive and radioactive iodine can damage the thyroid. Damage to the thyroid gland can result in effects in other parts of your body, such as your skin, lung, and reproductive organs.

Does radioactive iodine make your hair fall out?

Radioactive iodine does not produce hair loss. Nevertheless, hair loss can be associated with changing levels of thyroid hormone, and may be experienced by some patients with hypo or hyperthyroidism.

How long do you have to be isolated after radioactive iodine?

Depending on state regulations, patients may have to stay isolated in the hospital for about 24 hours to avoid exposing other people to radiation, especially if there are young children living in the same home.

Do you gain weight after radioactive iodine treatment?

Will I Gain Weight? Radioiodine treatments cure hyperthyroidism, lower thyroid hormone levels, and thus cause symptoms to disappear. Weight gain is not an inevitable consequence of treatment.

What are the long term side effects of radioactive iodine?

Possible long term side effectsLower ability to have children (fertility) … Inflammation of the salivary glands (where spit is made) … Tiredness. … Dry or watery eyes. … Lower levels of blood cells. … Lung problems. … Second cancers.

How long does radioactive iodine stay in your body?

How long does radioiodine stay in my body? The radioiodine from your treatment will temporarily remain in your body. Most of the radioiodine not taken up by your thyroid gland will be eliminated within the first (2) two days after treatment.

How will I feel after radioactive iodine?

Most people don’t feel different after treatment. But a few people may have nausea. Within a few days after treatment, the radioactive iodine will leave your body in your urine and saliva. How long it takes will depend on your age and on the dose you received.

What can you not do after radioactive iodine treatment?

You will be advised to sleep alone for the first few days after your treatment. During this period, you should avoid kissing or sexual intercourse. Also avoid prolonged physical contact with others, particularly children and pregnant women. If you have a baby, be sure to get instructions from your doctor.

How bad is radioactive iodine?

Thyroid Cancer. Radioactive iodine can kill the cells that make up the thyroid gland and thyroid cancer. If thyroid cancer has spread to other parts of the body, radioactive iodine can attack the disease there, too.

Why do you have to be isolated after radioactive iodine?

Your body will give off radiation for some time after you get RAI therapy. Depending on the dose of radioiodine used and where you are being treated, you might need to be in the hospital for a few days after treatment, staying in a special isolation room to prevent others from being exposed to radiation.

Which is better radioactive iodine or surgery?

The risk of death due to cancer or other causes was similar for the two treatment groups. Surgery for hyperthyroidism was associated with a lower risk of all-cause and cardiovascular death as compared to radioactive iodine therapy during long-term follow-up, particularly in men.